CAIRO, Oct. 7 (SEE)- Since it is October and breast cancer awareness campaigns are beaming everywhere, its time to shed light on the rarely discussed disease: Male Breast Cancer.
The disease is uncommon and unheard of to many but still exists. In women, breast cancer develops when cells in breast tissues start to grow out of control and invade surrounding tissues or spread to distant areas in the body. Regarding men, the scenario is exactly the same, whilst they do not have breasts yet breast tissues exist.
Figures, as per The American Cancer Society, estimate that in 2018 about 2550 new cases of invasive breast cancer will be diagnosed and about 480 men will die from breast cancer.
No specific causes are known that lead to male breast cancer, yet there are some risk factors that alert for the possibility of developing the disease including; family history of breast cancer, elevated estrogen levels, older age and obesity.
Symptoms in men are similar to those of women yet men do not recognize it. According to mayoclinic.org male breast cancer includes;
- A painless lump or thickening in your breast tissue
- Changes to the skin covering your breast, such as dimpling, puckering, redness or scaling
- Changes to your nipple, such as redness or scaling, or a nipple that begins to turn inward
- Discharge from your nipple
Treatment typically includes surgery to remove breast tissue tumor. Other treatments as with other cancer types are either through radio therapy or chemotherapy. Further research is currently being done to tackle the disease and find out if there are other treatments that would be more suitable in men than women.